Ruqian Wu, A. J. Freeman & G. B. Olson, "First Principles Determination of the Effects of Phosphorus and Boron on Iron Grain Boundary Cohesion," Science 265, 376-80 (1994).

Ruqian Wu, A. J. Freeman & G. B. Olson, "On the electronic basis of the phosphorus intergranular embrittlement of iron," Journal of Materials Research 7, 2403 (1992).

This research is supported by the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation.

Production Credits:

Writing: Michael Schneider

HTML layout/coding: Michael Schneider, Ryan Little

Blacksmith illustration: Fred Carlson, Pittsburgh.

Originally published in Projects in Scientific Computing, 1993, (c) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, 1993.

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