Anton shows how water leaving, re-entering potassium channel structure delays return to active state
 
WHY IT’S IMPORTANT
The potassium channel helps create electrical signals in nerve and muscle cells. This process goes awry in some irregular heartbeat conditions. To work properly, every nerve or heart cell needs potassium channels that can activate, inactivate and then reset themselves to respond to the next signal.
 
In the journal Nature, Jared Ostmeyer, Benoît Rouxand colleagues at the University of Chicago reportedsimulations on an Anton supercomputer, developedand provided by D. E. Shaw Research, hosted atPSC and funded by MMBioS, that revealed how the channel pinches off potassium movement.
 
HOW ANTON HELPED
 
In the cell, the potassium channel can take as long as 10 to 20 seconds to reset its potassium filter. No computer currently on Earth can carry out such a long molecular dynamics simulation. But the University of Chicago researchers leveraged Anton to push their simulations to 20 microseconds.
 
Even this relatively brief look was revealing, Roux says. “The system was stable for 20 microseconds in the pinched state,” he says. That’s a long time in molecular dynamics. “That was really shocking; we did not expect it.” But that didn’t mean the structure was static: The water molecules kept coming and going. Clearing the water molecules, and reopening the filter, was a “two steps forward, one step back” process, explaining the system’s slow recovery.

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